Golda Meir Takes the Helm

Golda Meir (Meyerson) became prime minister of Israel on this date in 1969, after a lifetime in the Labor Zionist movement. Born in Kiev, she spent most of her childhood and teen years in Milwaukee — which helped equip her, in 1948, to raise $50 million, six times more than expected, from American Jews for […]

Read More

Golda’s Missed Opportunities for Peace

by Ralph Seliger AS WE commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of Israel’s remarkable military victory in the Six Day War, June 5-10 of 1967, we note with a heavy heart that it also marks the beginning of Israel’s occupation over a non-Jewish population that neither welcomed nor accepts this situation. Still, Israel’s triumph over numerically superior […]

Read More

October 22: UN Resolution 338

The United Nations Security Council, 14-0 (with China abstaining), adopted Resolution 338 on this date in 1973, calling for a ceasefire in the Yom Kippur War to take place within twelve hours, for the 1967 Resolution 242 (demanding recognition for Israel and withdrawal of Israel from occupied lands) to be obeyed, and for negotiations to […]

Read More

April 2: The Athlete-Survivor

Shaul Paul Ladany, a professor of engineering at Ben Gurion University who is a child survivor of Bergen Belsen and an adult survivor of the 1972 massacre of Israel’s Munich Olympics team, was born in Belgrade on this date in 1936. Ladany is a race-walker who holds the world record in the 50-mile walk (7:23:50) […]

Read More

October 23: Leonard Freed, in Black and White

Magnum photographer Leonard Freed, who documented the realities of racial segregation and ghettoization — and the struggle against them — was born in Brooklyn on this date in 1929. Freed moved to Amsterdam in 1958 and began to document the life of the city’s Jewish community. In the 1960s he captured the energies of the […]

Read More

October 6: Sadat’s Assassination

Egyptian President Anwar Sadat was assassinated on this date in 1981, the eighth anniversary of the 1973 war that was known in Israel as the Yom Kippur War. His assassins were members of Islamic Jihad, and their motivation was Sadat’s signing of a peace agreement with Israel in 1978, for which both he and Israeli […]

Read More

March 6: Israel and African Decolonization

When Ghana became an independent republic on this date in 1957, after more than sixty years of British colonial rule, Israel had already opened its first African embassy in Accra, the nation’s capital, and Golda Meir had made a very positive impression throughout the country during a five-day tour. Ghana was the first African country […]

Read More

June 20: The Hot Line

The hot line, also known as the red phone, directly connecting the White House and the Kremlin, was installed on this date in 1963, prompted by the Cuban Missile Crisis of October, 1962. (During the crisis, it had taken the U.S. nearly 12 hours to receive and decode the USSR’s first settlement offering.) The hot […]

Read More

March 17: Prime Minister Golda Meir

Golda Meir (Golda Meyerson) became prime minister of Israel on this date in 1969, after a lifetime in the Labor Zionist movement and 48 years in British Mandate Palestine and Israel. Born in Kiev, she spent most of her childhood and teen years in Milwaukee — which helped equip her, in 1948, to raise $50 […]

Read More