Advertisement

October 13: The Fact-Gatherer

Josephine Clara Goldmark, a social reformer of the Progressive Era who shaped the use of fact-gathering to win reform in the courts, was born in Brooklyn on this date in 1877. Working with the New York Consumer’s League, Goldmark recruited her brother-in-law, Louis Brandeis, to serve as the league’s attorney and compiled the “Brandeis Brief,” […]

Read More

Channel Esther: The Clara Lemlich Awards

by Esther Cohen Lemlich Award photos by Emily Holzknecht Every year, for one reason or another, I find myself at far too many events to count, to remember, or even to record. Many of these events are worthy. Most are not memorable. An exception, these last four years, is one of my favorite nights: The […]

Read More

January 28: Widows, Orphans, and Hannah Bachman Einstein

Hannah Bachman Einstein, a German Jewish social reformer who demanded and won state support for destitute mothers and their children, was born in New York on this date in 1862. As president of Temple Emanu-El’s Sisterhood for twenty-five years, she became heavily involved in the lives of poor Jewish immigrants in New York, and in […]

Read More

September 10: Rose Norwood, Lifelong Organizer

Rose Finkelstein Norwood, who led a six-day strike of 8,000 telephone operators in 1919 — one of the largest strikes ever initiated and led by women — was born in Kiev on this date in 1889. Throughout the 1920s she was a leader within the Women’s Trade Union League, the Women’s International League for Peace […]

Read More

November 14: Women's Trade Union League

The Women’s Trade Union League was founded in Boston on this date in 1903 during the annual convention of the American Federation of Labor. Led in part by Lillian Wald, the organization brought together wealthy and middle-class women of the settlement house movement and working-class women active in the labor movement, and focused both on […]

Read More

Susan Reimer-Torn: Upper West Side #4

Shattered Glass by Susan Reimer-Torn On May 16th, 1902, a brick came flying through the window of Lustgarten’s kosher butcher shop on the Lower East Side. An irate Jewish housewife who lived down the teeming street sent those glass shards flying. She was one of thousands of women protesting the soaring cost of kosher meat. […]

Read More