Le Groupe Manouchian

Betrayed Heroes of the French Resistance? by Mitchell Abidor From the Spring, 2015 issue of Jewish Currents IT WAS LATE FEBRUARY, 1944 when the German Occupation authorities in France decided that the time had come to stage the trial of a group of Resistance fighters they’d captured the previous autumn. Under ordinary circumstances, trials of […]

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Is Austria’s Past Still Present?

by Lisa Mullenneaux THE GERMAN JEWISH POET Nelly Sachs was so afraid the world would forget the horrors of the Shoah that each of her poems is a plea for remembrance. So completely did she identify with the mass extermination that killed her lover and very nearly killed her — as well as 11 million […]

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July 10: Vichy France

The collaborationist Vichy government, headed by Marshal Philippe Petain, 84, a hero of World War I, was established by the French National Assembly in the city of Vichy on this date in 1940, after Nazi Germany had overrun the country. Petain’s strategy was to collaborate with the Germany occupiers in order to maintain French sovereignty […]

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July 16: “Operation Spring Breeze”

“Operation Spring Breeze,” the round-up of Jewish refugees and non-citizens by the government of Vichy France, was inaugurated on this date in 1942. Over the course of two days, in close cooperation with the Gestapo, French police grabbed 13,152 Jews, 31 percent of them children, and held them under harsh conditions at the Winter Velodrome, […]

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