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Zundl Grynszpan’s Meeting with Adolf Eichmann

From a Veteran Jewish Journalist’s Diary at the Eichmann Trial, 1961 by Itzhak Luden Translated from the Yiddish by Barnett Zumoff; published in Letste Nayes, April 27, 1961 “Juden raus!” (Jews, get out!) “Forsichtig — a tot-gefar.” (Be careful, danger of death.) “Forsichtig, Itsik” (Watch out, Jewboy.)   THE NIGHTMARE of those horrible days of […]

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November 2: Revolt in the Marcinkonys Ghetto

A squad of fifteen German soldiers was assigned to liquidate the Marcinkonys Ghetto in Lithuania on this date in 1942. They ordered the nearly 400 inhabitants to appear for “labor duty” at 8 a.m. at the entrance to the 3.7-acre ghetto. An official complaint later written by forester Hans Lehmann, a Nazi party member, stated […]

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October 30: Escaping to the Partisans

Dr. Zelik Levinbok escaped with his wife and 8-year-old son from the Koldichevo concentration camp in Belorussia on this date in 1943. The camp was used for imprisoning Polish and Belorussian members of anti-Nazi resistance, and Jews from several towns and precincts. Between 1942 and ’44, 22,000 people, mostly Jews, were murdered there. Levinbok had been […]

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Protecting the Victims Again

The Continuity Between Resisters and Victims in the Holocaust by Anna Wrobel From the Autumn 2015 special issue of Jewish Currents on the theme, “Honoring the Jewish Resistance.” THERE IS NO BINARY CODE of resister versus victim when it comes to the Nazi genocide, but a continuum occupied by both, the one intimately fused to […]

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O My America: Carson and Netanyahu

Comments about Their Comments by Lawrence Bush I think the likelihood of Hitler being able to accomplish his goals would have been greatly diminished if the people had been armed. I’m telling you there is a reason these dictatorial people take guns first.” —Ben Carson on CNN   WHEN THE BIALYSTOK Ghetto uprising began on […]

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October 22: Weidner’s “Swiss Way”

Founder of an underground network that enabled 1,080 people, including 800 Dutch Jews and more than 112 Allied pilots who had been shot down, to escape Nazi-occupied France during World War II, Johan Hendrik Weidner was born to Dutch parents in Belgium on this date in 1912. Raised as a Seventh Day Adventist, Weidner had a […]

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The Uprising in Sobibor

A Participant’s Report by Thomas Blatt From the Autumn 2015 special issue of Jewish Currents on the theme, “Honoring the Jewish Resistance.” Originally published in 1978. ONE APRIL DAY in 1943, I entered the gate marked “Sonderkommando — Sobibor.” This was a death camp? Little paved streets, flowers alongside. On the right, a side rail […]

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Marek Edelman, the Heroic Anti-Hero

“I am the Guardian of the Jewish Graves” by Itzhak Luden Translated from the Yiddish by Barnett Zumoff; published in the Yiddish Forverts, 10/5/2009 In principle, the most important thing is — life. And when there is life, the most important thing is freedom. And after that, one gives his life for freedom. Then one […]

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Roza Robota, a Heroine of the Auschwitz Uprising

by Isak Arbus From the Autumn 2015 special issue of Jewish Currents on the theme, “Honoring the Jewish Resistance.” Originally published in 1991. IN AUGUST, 1944 I found myself on a freight train, overcrowded beyond capacity. Carrying several thousand Jewish prisoners, the train moved slowly and finally stopped at a siding. Most of us were […]

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September 15: The Only Woman Escapee

Mala Zimetbaum, the only woman to escape from Auschwitz-Birkenau, was shipped there from Belgium on this date in 1942. She was an inmate in the camp for two years, working as an interpreter (she spoke Flemish, French, German, English, and Polish) and using her position to help other slave laborers. In June 1944, Zimetbaum’s lover […]

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