December 14: Philip and Jack Foner

Two of the four Foner brothers who were leaders in the American labor movement and progressive academic circles were born on this date in 1910. Philip Foner wrote and edited more than 110 books, many involving groundbreaking research: on American slavery, on black history, on women and social activists as agents of change in America, […]

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Franz Boas and the Progressive Spirit

How the “Father of Anthropology” Fought Social Darwinism by Alan McGowan When Franz Uri Boas (1858-1942) emigrated to the United States from Germany in 1886, Social Darwinism was at its peak and anthropology was largely a racist discipline devoted to sanctioning colonialism. “Experts” portrayed European civilization and its peoples as superior to all others, and […]

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