September 10: Simon Dubnow

Simon Dubnow, one of the founders of modern Jewish historical scholarship and a prolific memoirist and essayist about secular Jewish life and politics in Eastern Europe, was murdered at age 81 by the Nazis during the liquidation of the Riga Ghetto on this date in 1941. Dubnow was an advocate the Haskalah, or Jewish Enlightenment, […]

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February 7: Victor Alter and the Jewish Bund

Victor Alter, a leader within the Jewish Labor Bund in Poland who evaded the Nazis only to be executed by Stalin’s secret police sometime between 1941 and ’43, was born in Poland on this date in 1890. It was Alter and his Bundist comrade Henryk Ehrlich who proposed the formation of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee, […]

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