The Romani Holocaust

The Romani (once referred to as “Gypsies”) were declared by Heinrich Himmler on this date in 1943 to be “on the same level as Jews and [to be] placed in concentration camps.” This intensified the incarceration and obliteration of Romani people that Himmler had ordered the previous December. Romani losses in the Porajmos (“Devouring” or “Destruction” […]

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June 1: Romania’s Top Fascist

Ion Antonescu, the fascist prime minister of Romania who allied the country with Nazi Germany and eagerly prosecuted genocidal attacks against his country’s Jews and Gypsies, was executed for war crimes on this date in 1946. Antonescu was a lifelong antisemite whose father had divorced his mother to marry a convert to Judaism. He was also a lifelong […]

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