Eichmann and Budapest’s Judenrat

On this date in 1944, two days after occupying Hungary, the Nazis set up a Jewish Council (Judenrat or Zsidó Tanács in Hungarian) in Budapest, headed by a banker, Samu Stern. At the same time, Adolf Eichmann was meeting with Hungarian Interior Ministry officials: “That evening,” he would later write, “the fate of the Hungarian […]

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Expelling Jews from Tel Aviv

Turkish police (some sources say Bedouin police) went from house to house in Tel Aviv on this date in 1914 and hurriedly forced many hundreds of Jews to board a ship, the Florio, in the port of Jaffa to sail into exile in Egypt. Many Palestinian Jews were from Russia, an enemy of Turkey during World War I, and were […]

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February 10: Soviet Deportations Begin in Poland

The Soviet Union began deporting Polish citizens to Siberia on this date in 1940 following the Soviet takeover of eastern Poland. The Nazis had already moved on western Poland; six out of ten of Poland’s 3.3 million Jews were now living and dying under the German occupation, while four out of ten were in the […]

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