February 9: Reverse Transcription in Genetics

Howard Martin Temin, who shared the 1975 Nobel Prize in Medicine for discovering the reverse transcriptase — the enzyme that makes possible an interchange of information between RNA and DNA — died at 59 on this date in 1994. Temin was born in Philadelphia to progressive Jewish parents; for his bar mitsve, the family donated […]

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March 7: David Baltimore

1975 Nobel Laureate David Baltimore, a biologist who has made immense contributions in virology, cancer research, recombinant cell biology, and scientific institution-building, was born in New York on this date in 1938. In 1970, Baltimore discovered reverse transcription, the process by which tumor viruses and other retroviruses (such as HIV) infiltrate healthy cells in order […]

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June 28: Gilda Radner

Gilda Radner, an original cast member of Saturday Night Live (SNL), was born in Detroit on this date in 1946. Radner was a featured player on the National Lampoon Radio Hour from 1974 to 1975 (her fellow cast members included John Belushi, Richard Belzer, Chevy Chase, and Bill Murray) before being cast as the first […]

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