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Did Stalin’s Death Save Soviet Jews?

by Ralph Seliger JOSHUA RUBENSTEIN impressively combines his career as an author with eight books to his credit (written, co-authored or edited) with thirty-seven years as an Amnesty International staffer currently overseeing branch activities in New York, New Jersey and New England. He’s published biographies of Leon Trotsky, Ilya Ehrenburg and Adolf Hitler, plus books […]

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Genocide and the Destruction of Nation-States

Timothy Snyder’s Analysis of the Holocaust by Anna Wrobel From the Spring 2016 issue of Jewish Currents Discussed in this essay: Black Earth: The Holocaust as History and Warning, by Timothy Snyder. Tim Duggin Books, 2015, 480 pages. TIMOTHY SNYDER’S Black Earth, like his Bloodlands (2010), plumbs and synthesizes a great trove of primary and […]

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November 22: Bolshevik Starvation

Lazar Moiseyevich Kaganovich, a revolutionary Bolshevik who was enormously loyal to Stalin and responsible for implementing the agricultural collectivization policies that led to mass starvation in the Ukraine, 1932-33, was born in Ukraine on this date in 1893. Among his roles in the USSR were commissar for Red Army propaganda, 1918; leader of anti-Muslim campaign […]

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May 29: Radziwillow

Fifteen hundred Jews were rounded up and slaughtered by the Nazis and Ukrainian paramilitaries in Radziwillow, Ukraine on this date in 1942. A group of five hundred young men led by Asher Czerkaski then broke out of the ghetto and reached the surrounding woods, but the great majority were soon hunted down and murdered. Fifty […]

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November 7: Leon Trotsky

Leon Trotsky (Lev Bronshtayn) was born on this date in 1879, which means that the 1917 Russian Revolution, which he helped to lead and defend in the civil war that immediately followed it, took place on his 38th birthday. Trotsky was arrested in 1898 for revolutionary activity and spent more than four years in prison […]

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The Rise and Fall of the Jewish Labor Bund

Nazism and Stalinism Delivered Blows; Ideology Did the Rest by Philip Mendes From the Autumn, 2013 issue of Jewish Currents The Jewish Labor Bund was one of the most important leftwing Jewish political organizations of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It played a key role in the formation of the Russian Social Democratic […]

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November 7: The Bolsheviks Take Over

The Russian provisional government headed by Alexander Kerensky was overthrown by the Bolsheviks on this date in 1917. Among the Jews playing key roles in the infant communist regime were Leon Trotsky (Bronstein), who headed the Red Army, Yakov Sverdlov (Solomon), executive secretary of the Bolsheviks and head of their Central Executive Committee, and Grigori […]

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June 3: Sverdlov the Bolshevik

Yakov Mikhaylovich Sverdlov, the author of Russia’s revolutionary constitution and one of the chief planners of the 1917 October Revolution, was born in the city of Nizhny Novgorod, Russia on this date in 1885. He joined the Bolshevik Party in 1903,  participated in the abortive revolution of 1905, and spent  much of his early life […]

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February 10: Assassinating Lenin

Fanya Kaplan, a member of the Socialist Revolutionary party in Russia who attempted to assassinate Vladimir Ilyich Lenin on August 30, 1918, was born in the Ukraine on this date in 1890. Kaplan spent eleven years of her short life imprisoned in Siberian labor camps because of her revolutionary activity. Released after the Kerensky revolution […]

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