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A Pioneer of Artificial Intelligence

Ray Solomonoff, a pioneer of artificial intelligence who developed the concept of algorithmic possibility, was born in Cleveland on this date in 1926. Solomonoff’s work anticipated the “singularity,” the point at which computers achieve greater intelligence than human beings, and developed “theoretical foundations of learning systems, focused on understanding how to generate and assign probabilities to sequences […]

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Herbert Simon and Artificial Intelligence

Political scientist and artificial intelligence innovator Herbert Alexander Simon, winner of the Turing Award in 1975 and the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1978, was born in Milwaukee on this date in 1915 to a Jewish father and a mother of mixed Jewish and Christian background. Simon spent most of his academic and research career […]

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OpEdge: The Ethics of Killing People Efficiently

by Marc Jampole Reading “Robot Weapons: What’s the Harm?” by Jerry Kaplan, who is a Stanford University teacher of the ethics of artificial intelligence, made me wonder what the heck does the term “ethics of artificial intelligence” mean? I would think that artificial intelligence — like any other technology — has no ethics, which is […]

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January 8: ELIZA

Joseph Weizenbaum, a computer science pioneer who was a child refugee from Nazi Germany, was born in Berlin on this date in 1923. Weizenbaum was best known for his ELIZA program for natural-language processing in computers, which he created in 1966. Named for the character in George Bernard Shaw’s Pygmalion (on which My Fair Lady […]

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