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February 26: A Spanish Rescuer

Sebastián de Romero Radigales (1884-1970), a Consul General of Spain in Athens, Greece in 1943, was recognized by Israel’s Yad Vashem as one of the “Righteous Among the Nations” on this date in 2014 because of his efforts to save the Jews of Salonika from death in Auschwitz. Deportations of these began in March 1943, […]

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The Jewish Bund at Its Peak

by Diana Scott from the Autumn 2016 issue of Jewish Currents Discussed in this essay: Twenty Years with the Jewish Labor Bund: A Memoir of Interwar Poland, by Bernard Goldstein, translated and edited by Marvin Zuckerman. Purdue University Press, 2016, 345 pages. IF THE NAME Bernard Goldstein rings few bells today in discussions of Jewish […]

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December 27: The Righteous Nun

Sister Sara Salkaházi, who saved the lives of some hundred Jews in Hungary during the Holocaust, was murdered by the Arrow Cross, the pro-Nazi party of Hungary, on this date in 1944. Salkahazi, born in 1899, was a teacher, journalist, and worker-activist before she took vows in the Sisters of Social Service in 1930. During […]

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Janusz Korczak’s Child-Centered Philosophy

THE WARSAW GHETTO MARTYR WAS A RENOWNED EDUCATOR by Joel Shatzky From the Autumn 2016 issue of Jewish Currents JANUSZ KORCZAK (pen-name of Henryk Goldszmit, July 22, 1878-August 7, 1942) is remembered primarily as a martyr of the Holocaust who accompanied the Jewish children of his Dom Sierot Orphanage in Warsaw to the Treblinka death […]

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December 14: A Rabbi of the Resistance

David Feuerwerker, a rabbi who helped liberate Lyons from fascist rule and then reestablished the Jewish community in that city after World War II, was awarded the Gold Medal of the City of Paris on this date in 1957. Feuerwerker was “an eminent scholar and spiritual leader of French-speaking Jews in North America,” said the […]

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December 4: Zegota and the Jews of Warsaw

Żegota, the Council to Aid Jews, was established in Warsaw on this date in 1942 to extend the work of the Provisional Committee to Aid Jews, which had been founded on September 27 by Zofia Kossak-Szczucka and Wanda Krahelska-Filipowicz. The former was a conservative Catholic writer, a nationalist, the wife of a former Polish ambassador […]

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November 29: General Yakov Grigorevich Kreizer

The highest-ranking Jew in the Soviet military after Stalin’s bloody purges of the 1930s, Yakov Grigorevich Kreizer died at 64 on this date in 1969. In July 1941, General Kreizer had been the first Red Army senior officer to outfight the German Wehrmacht and deter its assault on Moscow, including during a skillfully managed fighting […]

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November 22: The Battle of Stalingrad

During the crucial 199-day Battle of Stalingrad, Nazi General Friedrich Paulus sent Adolf Hitler a telegram on this date in 1942 informing him that the German Sixth Army was surrounded and on the verge of defeat. According to a Jewish Telegraphic Agency report of October 1, 1942, “Reports in the Soviet press today laud many […]

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October 29: Assassinating the Ghetto’s Jewish Police

Jewish resistance leaders in the Warsaw Ghetto assassinated Jacob Lejkin, deputy head of the Ghetto’s Jewish police, on this date in 1942. The assassination was planned by Emilia Landau, 17, who would be killed in the first Warsaw Ghetto Uprising on January 18, 1943; Eliyahu Rozanski, who pulled the trigger and would be killed on […]

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